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The return of the Taliban in Afghanistan and the subsequent dissolution of the pre-existing republic on August 15, 2021, has resulted in a pronounced rollback in the progress made towards protecting human rights and free society values. This has particularly affected the rights of women and at-risk groups, raising serious concerns about the current human rights situation in the country.

Over the last 20 years, Afghanistan made significant achievements in advancing human rights and strong efforts were made to protect freedom of expression, establish democratic institutions, promote gender equality, expand access to education and healthcare, and foster a more inclusive society.

Afghanistan was a good regional example with a thriving media landscape and open exchange of ideas. However, since August 15, 2021, the situation has become uncertain, raising strong concerns about potential human rights violations for activists, former employees involved in government service or with NGOs, women, and minority groups.

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